UPSC Preparation: Praveen Chowgle
In the present article, let us go through the International Studies component in General Studies Paper-2 of UPSC Mains Exam. An international organization is a permanent body established by governments or individuals from different countries to work together to achieve a specific goal. It is in the interest of self-interest to impose similar sanctions on these mutually beneficial nations. It is from this need that international organizations are formed. Several international organizations were established in the nineteenth century. The Danube Commission established in 1856, the International Telegraph Organization born in 1865 and the World Postal Organization established in 1874 are some representative examples. These institutions had no political significance. However, these institutions are important as symbols of how it is desirable to build institutions in the future.
International organizations work to facilitate social, economic, political and security cooperation between nations. They try to avoid war and maintain peace and order. At present, international organizations have wide frameworks such as private and public, global and regional, multi-purpose and specialized. For General Studies Paper-II, United Nations and its affiliated organizations include UNICEF, UNESCO, UNEP, World Health Organization and other such agencies, WTO, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, Asian Development Bank, ASEAN, European Union, OECD Are included. . , OPEC, Arab League etc. The study of associations becomes important.
While studying these institutions, it will be important to consider their structure, mandate. It would also be appropriate to study international organizations in the light of current affairs. Often in the examination if there is any problem related to the organization then it is questioned. One question was asked on World Health Organization in the main exam of the year 2020. This question had a coronary background. In 2020, the World Health Organization has always been in the headlines for the outbreak of Corona.
Critically examine the role of WHO in providing global health security during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic.
Let’s take a brief look at the World Health Organization. The World Health Organization was established on 7 April 1948. Over the past 70 years, HODs have played a significant role in improving public health. WHO performs various activities such as getting information about any new disease and spreading it to the people as well as alerting different countries about the spread of the epidemic, researching vaccines and treatments, raising health funds and where it can be spread. Need to get there. The eradication and control of a disease like polio was possible with the efforts of Sir. Head played a key role in developing the Ebola vaccine. In addition to infectious diseases such as AIDS, malaria, cancer and heart disease, the work of the head is notable in the areas of nutrition, food security, mental health, detoxification, etc. The organization works with private donors as well as money from various countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. It was only after the WHO declared the Covid-19 caused by the corona virus a global health crisis that countries around the world began to take it seriously. However, in the early days of the coronavirus outbreak, Head was criticized for not taking enough steps, saying his role was Chinese. China has been accused by the WHO of delaying understanding the seriousness of the disease and hiding it. He also said that Taiwan was harming him. In such a situation, questions are being raised on the functioning of WHO.
The United Nations established for world peace is the most important of the international organizations. The United Nations is an international organization formed by various countries. The organization was established with the aim of increasing international cooperation. The United Nations has six major constituent bodies. These include the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Council of Trustees, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat. In addition, secondary functional bodies established by the United Nations from time to time are part of the international system. Established in 1945, the organization carried out a number of functions to fulfill the broad objectives of its charter. Naturally, the world’s expectations from the United Nations increased and the boundaries of this organization became clear. Against this background you need to know about the success of the United Nations. Questions are often raised on WTO in UPSC mains exam. The WTO works to remove barriers to international trade and create the prerequisites for free and liberal trade. A general conference is held under the aegis of the WTO. Each member country has one representative in this conference. The council usually meets once a month. The WTO Ministerial Council is the final decision-making body, convened every two years. The commerce ministers of the member countries participate in this conference.
Information about international organizations is obtained from the respective organizations. Also, the preparation of this unit is perfect as it keeps track of contemporary developments related to these organizations.
First published on July 8, 2021 at 1:13 am
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